What is euthanasia, and why is it considered to be morally different to murder or suicide? Is it?
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1. According to the definition, euthanasia is the practice of intentionally ending a life to relieve pain and suffering. For me the concept of suicide and euthanasia is entirely different, since the death process are usually long and lingering even when one is fully aware of their suicide behavior. I think we should treat different type of euthanasia with distinctive attitudes when compared to murder or suicide. One should have the right to choose their death, so voluntary euthanasia is a better way to perform suicide. Compared to painful and lingering suicide, medical advancement has provide an option for those we want to relieve the physical pain instead of just escaping from the reality.
2.Euthanasia is defined as the painless killing of a patient who is suffering for their own good. Euthanasia is classified under three categories: voluntary (with consent), non-voluntary (unable to provide consent), and involuntary (does not consent). The fact that euthanasia occurs for the patient’s “own good” allows it to be considered morally different to murder or suicide. Voluntary euthanasia can generally be seen as a suicide since the patient personally makes the decision to end their own life, but should not morally be categorized that way because they are doing so as a last resort. It is also not a murder because the person killing does not have ill intents, but are doing so to end another’s suffering. Non-voluntary euthanasia cannot be considered a suicide because the patient is unable to give consent, but should also not morally be considered a murder because there are no bad intentions revolving around this death. Involuntary euthanasia can also not be a suicide because the person dying is not physically able to give consent. It is the only kind category of euthanasia that can be seen as a murder because the person is does not give consent to their own death. I believe it morally considered to be murder because the person killing does not have the right to dictate another person’s life against their own will. I believe that there is no morally justifiable reason for non-voluntary euthanasia and no medical need for it. For example, if a patient if suffering with physical illnesses and are in intense pain, no one should have the authority to end their life for what they consider their own good if the patient personally wants to live.
3.Euthanasia is ending someone’s life for their own good as a release, and there are three kinds of euthanasia: voluntary, involuntary, and non-voluntary. It is considered to be morally different from murder is because when a person murders someone it is for his/her own good, not for the victim’s good. Next, suicide, it is when you bring yourself to death, but euthanasia is someone else bring you to death. Euthanasia is somehow close to suicide but not equals to suicide. I think it is true that euthanasia is morally different from murder and suicide because euthanasia is legal in some countries and murder and suicide are not in any place. I’ve read a book named “Me Before You” and the story was about the guy got into an accident and was paralyzed, he struggled for years and finally chose to euthanasia. although his family and friends are all sorrow about his decision but they agreed what he wants. When it comes to murder or suicide I think none of anyone’s family or friends would support it.
4.Overall, utilitarianism is pretty much the form of consequentialism, the form of consequentialism is consequences of a particular act which maximize pleasure and minimize pain. However, there are several problems with Utilitarianism. The first problem is that it is tough to determine the relevance of pleasure and pain, for example, you might get painful experience while reading a long exhausted article, but after that, you learn knowledge from it. The second problem is pleasure and pain are not the only factors for promoting consequences. The third problem is that utilitarianism is seemed to be too demanding because there are always things that exist right now that would promote the greater good. The very last problem is motivation, for example, if my intention was good but it turned out that the thing that I did was bad, it is hard to determine whether my act is still morally wrong. In my opinion, no matter what you do, that particular action will always generate two consequences — GOOD & BAD. Thus, it is important for you to see different aspects or angles for this particular action, and then compare the outcome back to your own intention.