Watch the following short film, theory of mind.mov (transcript), which demonstrates
the theory of mind using a juice box experiment.
At around four years of age, a fundamental change occurs in children’s
understanding of others’ behaviors or what is also called theory of mind. Using your
knowledge from our readings, watch the video to determine which stage both Jacob
and Patrick are currently in respectively.
Discuss both Jacob’s and Patrick’s reaction to the "mean monkey." What stage would
Erickson say each child is in? How do these different stages influence their values
and attitudes? Do you think it is possible for a child over the age of three to have
trouble understanding that his or her beliefs can be false? Explain your reasoning.
Regardless of a child’s unique qualities, one thing remains the same; to improve
learning and behavior, children must develop strong self-regulation skills. Read the
article from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC),
“Developing Young Children’s Self-Regulation Through Everyday Experiences.”
The marshmallow experiment is a famous test conducted by Walter Mischel at
Stanford University and discussed by Daniel Goleman in his popular work. In the
1960s, a group of four-year-olds were given a marshmallow and promised another
only if they could wait 20 minutes before eating the first one. Some children could
wait and others could not. The researchers then followed the progress of each child
into adolescence, and demonstrated that those with the ability to wait were better
adjusted and more dependable (determined via surveys of their parents and
teachers), and scored an average of 210 points higher on the Scholastic Aptitude
Test. Read the American Psychological Association (APA) article, "Delaying
Reflect on the information in the NAEYC article, the article, and your text and explain
how toddlers with better self-regulation skills are less likely to demonstrate
behavior problems in preschool. Explain why these self-regulation skills are so
important and how you will promote the learning of self-regulation. How will you
deliberately teach self-regulation as part of everyday experience? Share an example
of your own self-regulation skills that you can model for others.
Your initial posts should be at least 250 words in length.