Peer Responses: Respond to at least two peers by identifying one Indirect and one Direct method of assessment that would apply to the scenario.
Case Study: A 35-year-old resident in a group home for adults with developmental disabilities has been knocking out windows in the house over the past several months. The resident has required medical attention for injuries sustained by this behavior and placement at the group home is now in jeopardy. This group home has three other residents. All residents in this group home are expected to complete various tasks around the house, participate in social interaction activities, and work two days a week at a workshop. So far, the behaviors have only been reported at the group home.
Contextual Variables: What the contextual variable does is it specifies the probable context in which the inappropriate behavior that is occurring (Steege & Watson,2009). I think there is not enough information at the moment for complete analysis but a beginning analysis.
Antecedent (Discriminative stimuli): Demanding the a task seems to allow for reinforcement which triggers the behavior. Knowing such details helps to modify the environment (Steege & Watson, 2009).
Antecedent: Unconditioned Motivating Operations: The scenario does not provide enough information to determine if there are unlearned motivators in action here. Maybe some stimuli provide an unconditioned response and behavior.
Individual Mediating Variables: This would be the residentâ€™s developmental disability. It could be depression, anxiety, PTSD, ADHD, ASD, mental retardation, or something more.
Individual Behavior Deficits: For this scenario, because we know the client is in a group home for those with developmental disabilities, it might be deficits in communication, social deficits, educational delays, or more.
Target Behavior: The Physical Aggression is defined by the client using a closed fist or open hand to collide with a window or using another item to throw at a window. Client engages in this behavior when asked to complete a task. The function appears to be avoidance of and escape from tasks.
Reinforcing consequences: I think the reinforcing behavior is to escape doing the unwanted task.
Parameters of Reinforcement: Our reading states you must understand the aspects of parameters of reinforcement in order to create effective intervention
Based on this scenario I would use a positive reinforce that is extremely desired by the resident that would make the resident want to complete the task they undesired. Giving the resident a choice of when to complete the task could give them the opportunity to feel as though they are taking responsibility for completing the task. Without knowing the complete background of the resident coupled with their medical limitations could make this approach a little complicated.
Steege, M. W., Watson, T. S. (2009). Conducting School-Based Functional Behavioral Assessments, 2nd Ed. [VitalSource Bookshelf Version]. Retrieved from https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/books/9781606237267
- Contextual Variables: these are the environmental factors that can help us identify which context the behavior will occur
- Scenario: the variables may include the group home itself, the requirement to complete tasks in the home, or social interaction with the other residents.
- Antecedent: Discriminative Stimuli: this is the availability of reinforcement that leads to the occurrence of the behavior.
- Scenario: the discriminative stimuli present in the scenario is the client being within the group home. this is because the behaviors only occur while in the group home.
- Antecedent: Unconditioned Motivating Operations: these are unlearned conditions that can evoke the target behavior
- Scenario: this can be the presentation of an unwanted stimuli, being the home tasks or social interaction.
- Antecedent: Conditioned Motivating Operations: this is where a stimuli has been paired with the unconditioned MO.
- Scenario: the pairing of the objects in the group home can lead the client to punching the windows. Information is very limited in this scenario
- Individual Mediating Variables: these are traits or beliefs that may contribute to the target behavior
- Scenario: for the client the mediating variable could be the learning disability.
- Individual Behavior Deficits: for the scenario, this can be the communication deficit that the client has.
- Target Behavior: aggression is defined as using his hand to punch his hand through the window resulting in injury to his hand.
- Reinforcing Consequence(s): this is the client being able to escape the unwanted stimuli.
- Parameters of Reinforcement: in order to reinforce a wanted behavior, we first need to eliminate the self-harm. I would teach the client other ways to express his want to escape what is being asked of him. When he uses the other ways of escape, he will be reinforced.
Steege, M. W., Pratt, J. L., Wickerd, G., Guare, R., Watson, T. S. Conducting School-Based Functional Behavioral Assessments, Third Edition. [Purdue University Global Bookshelf]. Retrieved from https://purdueuniversityglobal.vitalsource.com/#/b…