THIS PAPER MUST BE 6-8 PAGES IN MLA FORMAT
NO GRAMMATICAL ERRORS OR PLAGIARISM UNLESS YOU HAVE TO USE QUOTATION. PLEASE TRY TO WRITE EVERYTHING IN YOUR OWN WORDS.
YOUR JOB IS TO ANALYSIS THE TWO LAWS i’VE PICKED FOR THIS ASSIGNMENT.
TWO Laws I’ve picked are
H.R.1238 – Securing our Agriculture and Food Act
H.R.2051 – Agriculture Reauthorizations Act of 2015
YOU NEED TO BE DETAILED, SPECIFIC , AND DESCRIPTIVE WHEN IT COMES TO THE LAWS. YOU NEED TO BE SPECIFIC WHEN IT COMES TO POLICY CHANGES( CONSEQUENCES)
Using legislative data from Congress.gov, begin by briefly describing the two laws that you have selected and the most important policy changes that were implemented by each. To find bills that have been referred to a specific committee, students should use the Congress.gov websiteâ€” https://www.congress.gov/advanced-search/legislation. The advanced search option allows users to search for legislation using multiple criteria. To find all of bills that have been referred to a specific committee, click on the appropriate House or Senate committee, leave the search box blank, and click search.
Apply the â€œstages of policymakingâ€ framework used in our textbook to develop a cogent description and analysis that surveys the differences and similarities in the enactment of these two laws. The stages of the policymaking process are: 1) setting the agenda, 2) formulating policy, 3) adopting policy, and 4) implementing policy (Davidson et al. 2018, 401
With regard to setting the agenda, describe your understanding of how this issue emerged on the congressional agenda. Were external events influential? Did the leadership of policy entrepreneurs help move the policy reforms forward? Why did legislators decide to address this problem when they did?
With regard to formulating policy, read the committee reports for each bill and study how the measures evolved during committee hearings, markup, and debate. What were the main goals of the bills? What considerations did the committees in each chamber have when debating these policy changes? Were certain dimensions of conflict evident or did a broad consensus exist? What role did partisanship play in the process? Were other legislative alternatives seriously considered?
With regard to adopting policy, summarize how each piece of legislation made its way through both chambers. This timeline should cover when the bills were introduced, the sponsor and co-sponsors, the committees of referral, major committee actions, major floor actions and amendments, roll-call votes, and any post-passage bargaining. Also, describe to what extent the president and congressional party leaders were involved in the legislative process for each bill. Who were among each billâ€™s primary supporters and opponents?
With regard to implementing policy, describe how you expect each law to be implemented. What executive actors or institutions are involved? What specific steps would be taken in order to actually 2 implement the policy change? Did Congress delegate discretionary implementation powers to executive officials or do the laws direct specific executive actions in detail?
PART TWO OF THIS PAPER
The second part of the paper should provide a detailed comparison of legislative paths each bill followed. In what ways were the progressions of the bills similar? Discuss obstacles that each bill encountered and how the billsâ€™ supporters were able to overcome them. Despite the fact that the bills focused on similar sets of issues, there were likely some notable differences that existed in terms of how the two bills worked their way through Congress. Identify some of these differences and make an argument that might explain why these differing circumstances developed. Based on your assessment of these two laws, what general conclusions can be drawn regarding how Congress has dealt with the policy youâ€™ve selected?
This assignment must be typed using one-inch margins in 12 point Times New Roman font. Papers should be 6-8 double-spaced pages in length. Also, required is a works cited page that properly cites all references and resources. The works cited page does not count toward the required page total for this assignment. Students should include their name and student number at the top of page one. A cover page is not required.
Papers should not be written in the first person. This means avoiding words such as I, me, my, and so on. Your academic writing should also avoid using slang or contractions. Failing to adhere to the format requirements, as well as grammar or spelling mistakes, will result in a lower grade. Please proofread and revise your paper before turning it in.
Any time you quote, paraphrase, or reference ideas, data, or other material from a resource, it needs to be cited at the point in the essay where it is mentioned. Most often, this is done by using footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical citations. It is not sufficient to simply have a works cited page at the end of the essay. More information on citation styles can be found in a writing handbook such as the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers or at this website: http://chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html.
In general, material from sites such as Wikipedia, blogs, and other websites not recognized as reputable news sources should not be cited in your paper. It is usually fine to conduct research on the web to provide background information for your analysis, but the material cited in your essay should consist of credible resources.
Papers will be graded by the following criteria Law descriptions (20 pts) Comparative analysis (15 pts) Works cited( 5 pts )Academic writing style 10( pts)