general history read description

Answer: [removed]

    President Lincoln's main goal in the Civil War was to_x000D_
eliminate slavery in all territory controlled by the United States._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
8 Answer: [removed]

    Both the Union and the Confederacy used African American_x000D_
soldiers during the Civil War._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
9 Answer: [removed]

    A series of Union victories in late 1864 helped Abraham_x000D_
Lincoln win reelection._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
10 Answer: [removed]

    During his march from Atlanta to the sea, Sherman and his_x000D_
men destroyed anything useful to the South._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
11 Answer: [removed]

    General Grant imposed very harsh terms on the surrendering_x000D_
Confederate soldiers at Appomattox Court House._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
12 Answer: [removed]

    The federal government became more powerful than state_x000D_
governments as the result of the Union victory in the Civil War._x000D_
    a. true_x000D_
    b. false_x000D_
13 Answer: [removed]

    Because the war disrupted their supply of cotton, the South_x000D_
expected support from_x000D_
    a. France and Spain.                c. France and Canada._x000D_
    b. Spain and Mexico.                d. Britain and France._x000D_
14 Answer: [removed]

    The North’s war plan came from a hero of the war with Mexico named_x000D_
    a. Winfield Scott.                  c. Abraham Lincoln._x000D_
    b. George McClellan.                d. Robert E. Lee._x000D_
15 Answer: [removed]

    What battle was named after a small church?_x000D_
    a. Shiloh                           c. Vicksburg_x000D_
    b. Gettysburg                       d. Atlanta_x000D_
16 Answer: [removed]

    The bloodiest day of the entire Civil War was the Battle of_x000D_
    a. Shiloh.                          c. Richmond._x000D_
    b. Antietam.                        d. New Orleans._x000D_
17 Answer: [removed]

    The first female army surgeon was_x000D_
    a. Clara Barton.                    c. Sally Tompkins._x000D_
    b. Mary Edwards Walker.             d. Dorothea Dix._x000D_
18 Answer: [removed]

    William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea began in _x000D_
    a. Charleston, South Carolina.      c. Atlanta, Georgia._x000D_
    b. Richmond, Virginia.              d. Baltimore, Maryland._x000D_
19 Answer: [removed]

    In the Civil War, for the first time, thousands of women served as_x000D_
    a. soldiers.                        c. generals._x000D_
    b. spies.                           d. nurses._x000D_
20 Answer: [removed]

    "Peace Democrats" became known as_x000D_
    a. War Hawks.                       c. Copperheads._x000D_
    b. Rebels.                          d. Radicals._x000D_
21 Answer: [removed]

    What guarantees accused individuals the right to a hearing before_x000D_
being jailed?_x000D_
    a. bounties                         c. draft_x000D_
    b. greenbacks                       d. habeas corpus_x000D_
22 Answer: [removed]

    What battle began when on July 1, 1863 when the Confederates_x000D_
entered a town for supplies and encountered Union troops?_x000D_
    a. Gettysburg                       c. Vicksburg_x000D_
    b. Shiloh                           d. Richmond_x000D_
23 Answer: [removed]

    The plan to gain control of the Mississippi River and split the_x000D_
Confederacy in two was called_x000D_
    a. the Great Divide.                c. the Anaconda Plan._x000D_
    b. the Squeeze Play.                d. the River Conquest._x000D_
24 Answer: [removed]

    The main goal of the North at the beginning of the war was to_x000D_
    a. end slavery.                     c. punish the South._x000D_
    b. be recognized as independent.    d. reunite the country._x000D_
25 Answer: [removed]

    General P.G.T. Beauregard fought against General Irvin McDowell at_x000D_
    a. Shiloh.                          c. the First Battle of Bull Run._x000D_
    b. Gettysburg.                      d. the Second Battle of Bull Run._x000D_
26 Answer: [removed]

    The battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack was the first ever between_x000D_
    a. cutters.                         c. warships._x000D_
    b. clippers.                        d. ironclad ships._x000D_
27 Answer: [removed]

    What April battle lasted only two days, but included some of the most_x000D_
bloody fighting of the war?_x000D_
    a. Shiloh                           c. Richmond_x000D_
    b. Gettysburg                       d. Vicksburg_x000D_
28 Answer: [removed]

    On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln signed the_x000D_
    a. Free Slave Bill.                 c. Emancipation Proclamation._x000D_
    b. Fourteenth Amendment.            d. Thirteenth Amendment._x000D_
29 Answer: [removed]

    Who pointed out to Lincoln that by casting the war as a fight against_x000D_
slavery, European countries would be less likely to aid the South?_x000D_
    a. Frederick Douglass               c. George B. McClellan_x000D_
    b. David Farragut                   d. Ulysses S. Grant_x000D_
30 Answer: [removed]

    Pickett’s Charge took place during the Battle of_x000D_
    a. Shiloh.                          c. Gettysburg._x000D_
    b. Chancellorsville.                d. Fredericksburg._x000D_
31 Answer: [removed]

    The worst disturbance in protest of the draft laws took place in_x000D_
    a. Richmond, Virginia.              c. Atlanta, Georgia._x000D_
    b. New York City.                   d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
32 Answer: [removed]

    Appomattox Court House is famous because it is the site of_x000D_
    a. a bloody battle.                 c. Confederate headquarters._x000D_
    b. Union headquarters.              d. Robert E. Lee's surrender._x000D_
33 Answer: [removed]

“[William is] . . . wild to be off to Virginia. He so fears that the_x000D_
fighting will be over before he can get there.”_x000D_
–Kate Stone, 1861_x000D_
Written shortly after the attack on Fort Sumter, this excerpt from a letter by the sister of a Confederate soldier in Louisiana describes his _____ in the war. a. fear of involvement c. reluctance to fight b. eagerness to participate d. slowness to join
34 Answer: [removed]

“. . . Sis I dont know what you think about the war but I will tell_x000D_
you what I think and that is the north will nevver whip the south as_x000D_
long as there is a man left in the south. They fight like wild devles._x000D_
Ever man seems determine to loose the last drop of blood before they_x000D_
give up but there is no use of you and I talking about the war because_x000D_
we cant end it, but I dont care how soon it is stopped. Christmas will_x000D_
soon be here I would like to be at [home.] . . .”_x000D_
–John R. McClure, private in 14th Indiana Volunteers, Letter to his_x000D_
sister, December 19, 1862_x000D_
According to the excerpt, Confederate soldiers _____. a. are very courageous c. give up easily b. are poor fighters d. outnumber the Union soldiers
35 Answer: [removed]

“A cruel, crazy, mad, hopeless panic possessed them. . . . The heat_x000D_
was awful . . . the men were exhausted—their mouths gaped, their lips_x000D_
cracked and blackened with the powder of the cartridges they had bitten_x000D_
off in the battle, their eyes staring in frenzy.”_x000D_
–Representative Albert Riddle, observing the First Battle of Bull Run_x000D_
This excerpt describes _____ at the battle of First Battle of Bull Run. a. terrified observers of the battle b. courageous Confederate soldiers c. retreating Union soldiers d. civilians fleeing to Washington, DC
36 Answer: [removed]

“No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted.”_x000D_
–at the capture of Fort Donelson, February 16, 1862_x000D_
This quotation provided a nickname for which new hero of the North? a. Ulysses S. Grant c. David Farragut b. Albert Sidney Johnson d. George McClellan
37 Answer: [removed]

“. . . It had suddenly appeared to him that perhaps in a battle he_x000D_
might run. He was forced to admit that as far as war was concerned he_x000D_
knew nothing of himself. . . . _x000D_
    “A little panic-fear grew in his mind. As his imagination went_x000D_
forward to a fight, he saw hideous possibilities. . . .”_x000D_
–Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage_x000D_
The character in this excerpt is becoming afraid because he a. knows he will fight hard along with others. b. wishes he were back home. c. is uncertain about how he will react in a battle. d. is eager to get into battle.
38 Answer: [removed]

“For my loyalty to my country I have two beautiful names—here I am_x000D_
called “traitor,” farther North a _____ _x000D_
 –Elizabeth Van Lew, Richmond_x000D_
What word best fills in the blank in this quote by Elizabeth Van Lew, who secretly sent information about Confederate activities to President Lincoln? a. “teacher” c. “nurse” b. “spy” d. “conductor”
39 Answer: [removed]

“If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it;_x000D_
and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if_x000D_
I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also_x000D_
do that.”_x000D_
–August 1862_x000D_
Who took this position on the issue of slavery? a. Jefferson Davis c. William Lloyd Garrison b. Abraham Lincoln d. Frederick Douglass
40 Answer: [removed]

“. . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one_x000D_
thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within_x000D_
any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be_x000D_
in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and_x000D_
forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,_x000D_
including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and_x000D_
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to_x000D_
repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for_x000D_
their actual freedom. . . .”_x000D_
This announcement by the President of the United States is a quotation from a. the Constitution. c. the Gettysburg Address. b. the Emancipation Proclamation. d. the Thirteenth Amendment.
41 Answer: [removed]

“. . . That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one_x000D_
thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within_x000D_
any state or designated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be_x000D_
in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and_x000D_
forever, free; and the Executive Government of the United States,_x000D_
including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and_x000D_
maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to_x000D_
repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for_x000D_
their actual freedom. . . .”_x000D_
According to this excerpt, anyone holding a person enslaved after January 1, 1863, would be a. arrested and jailed. c. in rebellion against the US. b. given a fair trial. d. recognized by the government.
42 Answer: [removed]

“[They] will make good soldiers and taking them from the enemy weakens_x000D_
him in the same proportion they strengthen us.”_x000D_
In this excerpt from a letter General Grant wrote to President Lincoln, to whom does “They” refer? a. Native Americans c. African Americans b. Female spies d. slaves on Southern plantations
43 Answer: [removed]

“Does anyone wonder [why] so many women die? Grief and constant anxiety_x000D_
kill nearly as many women at home as men are killed on the battle-field.”_x000D_
–Mary Chesnut_x000D_
About what do women feel the “grief and constant anxiety” that this excerpt mentions? a. the difficulty of managing farms and taking care of families b. the exhaustion of working in factories and replacing missing male workers c. the problems of collecting supplies of food and clothing for the war effort. d. the possible death of husbands, fathers, sons, and brothers far from home
44 Answer: [removed]

“July 29, 1864—Sleepless nights. The report is that the Yankees have_x000D_
left Covington for Macon, . . . to release prisoners held there. They_x000D_
robbed every house on the road of its provisions [supplies], sometimes_x000D_
taking every piece of meat, blankets and wearing apparel, silver and arms_x000D_
of every description. They would take silk dresses and put them under_x000D_
their saddles, and many other things for which they had no use. Is this_x000D_
the way to make us love them and their Union? Let the poor people answer_x000D_
[those] whom they have deprived of every mouthful of meat and of their_x000D_
livestock to make any! Our mills, too, they have burned, destroying an_x000D_
immense amount of property.”_x000D_
–from the diary of Dolly Sumner Lunt_x000D_
During General Sherman’s March to the Sea, described in this excerpt, the object of this destruction was _____. a. to destroy the Confederate army b. to find supplies for the Union army c. to encourage freeing the South’s slaves d. to break the South’s will to fight
45 Answer: [removed]

“Can you imagine a fellow’s feelings about that time, to have to_x000D_
face thousands of muskets with a prospect of having a bullet put_x000D_
through you? If you can, all right; I can’t describe it. I’ve heard_x000D_
some say that they were not _____ going into a fight, but I think it’s_x000D_
all nonsense. I don’t believe there was ever a man who went into battle_x000D_
but was _____, more or less. Some will turn pale as a sheet, look wild_x000D_
and ferocious, some will be so excited that they don’t know what they_x000D_
are about while others will be as cool and collected as on other_x000D_
occasions.”_x000D_
–George Sargent, Union soldier_x000D_
Which word best fill in the blanks for this passage about facing battle? a. confused c. scared b. curious d. calm
46 Answer: [removed]

“I can’t spare this man. He fights.”_x000D_
–President Abraham Lincoln_x000D_
This quotation refers to what formerly unpromising army officer? a. George McClellan c. William Tecumseh Sherman b. Ulysses S. Grant d. Ambrose Burnside
47 Answer: [removed]

“. . . I need not tell the brave survivors of so many hardfought_x000D_
battles, who have remained steadfast to the last, that I have consented_x000D_
to the result from no distrust of them. But, feeling that valor and_x000D_
devotion could accomplish nothing that could compensate for the loss_x000D_
that may have attended the continuance of the contest, I determined to_x000D_
avoid the useless sacrifice of those whose past services have endeared_x000D_
them to their countrymen. . . .”_x000D_
–General Robert E. Lee, last order to his troops, April 9, 1865_x000D_
Which statement best describes why Lee is surrendering? a. Further fighting could not accomplish anything useful and losses would be heavy. b. Lee was tired of fighting and the Confederate armies had suffered very heavy losses. c. The Confederate armies were weary and would not continue to fight any more. d. Ammunition and other supplies for the Confederate troops had run out and could not be replaced.
48 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, based on the time line, which of the_x000D_
following events did not occur in 1863?_x000D_
    a. Red Cross established_x000D_
    b. Emancipation Proclamation issued_x000D_
    c. Lake Victoria discovered_x000D_
    d. Great Expectations published_x000D_

49 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, the greatest difference between resources_x000D_
of the North and South in this graph is in which category?_x000D_
    a. manufactured goods             c. number of farms_x000D_
    b. exports                        d. population_x000D_

50 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the Fig. in Question #49, based on the graph, the South was most_x000D_
nearly equal to the North in which of the following resources?_x000D_
    a. railroad mileage               c. exports_x000D_
    b. number of farms                d. manufactured goods_x000D_
51 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, when was Manassas, or Bull Run, fought?_x000D_
    a. August 29–30, 1862             c. April 12–14, 1861_x000D_
    b. July 21, 1861                  d. September 17, 1862_x000D_

52 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the Fig. in Question #51, based on the map, in which of the following_x000D_
states were none of the early Civil War battles fought?_x000D_
    a. Tennessee                      c. North Carolina_x000D_
    b. Virginia                       d. Louisiana_x000D_
53 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, based on the circle graphs, which of the_x000D_
following statements is true?_x000D_
    a. African Americans accounted for 18% more of Union sailors than_x000D_
       they did Union soldiers._x000D_
    b. African Americans were better represented in the Union Army than_x000D_
       in the Union Navy._x000D_
    c. African Americans accounted for 8% more of Union sailors than they_x000D_
       did Union soldiers._x000D_
    d. Large numbers of African Americans were pressed into service by_x000D_
       the Union Navy._x000D_

54 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, according to the map, how many victories_x000D_
for the South took place in 1863?_x000D_
    a. 1                              c. 5_x000D_
    b. 9                              d. 4_x000D_

55 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, these three maps display which of the_x000D_
following?_x000D_
    a. Union control gradually decreasing_x000D_
    b. Confederate control gradually decreasing_x000D_
    c. Union naval blockades gradually increasing_x000D_
    d. Union naval blockades gradually decreasing_x000D_

56 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, according to the circle graph, which war_x000D_
cost the most American lives after the Civil War?_x000D_
    a. Civil War                      c. World War II _x000D_
    b. World War I                    d. Vietnam War_x000D_

57 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, based on the map, which of the following_x000D_
battles was fought on June 27, 1864?_x000D_
    a. Cold Harbor                    c. The Wilderness_x000D_
    b. Wilmington                     d. Kennesaw Mountain_x000D_

58 Answer: [removed]

    Referring to the figure, the arrows on this map represent which of_x000D_
the following things?_x000D_
    a. roads                          c. troop positions_x000D_
    b. troop movements                d. Union victories_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_

59 Answer: [removed]

    to close ports_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_
60 Answer: [removed]

    Confederate commander_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_
61 Answer: [removed]

    captured New Orleans_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_
62 Answer: [removed]

    54th Massachusetts_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_
63 Answer: [removed]

    site of Robert E. Lee's surrender_x000D_
    a. David Farragut                 d. General P.G.T. Beauregard_x000D_
    b. African American regiment      e. blockade_x000D_
    c. Appomattox Court House_x000D_
64 Answer: [removed]

    Union capital_x000D_
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia_x000D_
    c. Stonewall Jackson_x000D_
65 Answer: [removed]

    Confederate capital_x000D_
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia_x000D_
    c. Stonewall Jackson_x000D_
66 Answer: [removed]

    Confederate president_x000D_
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia_x000D_
    c. Stonewall Jackson_x000D_
67 Answer: [removed]

    South's ironclad ship_x000D_
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia_x000D_
    c. Stonewall Jackson_x000D_
68 Answer: [removed]

    casualty of Chancellorsville_x000D_
    a. Merrimack                      d. Washington, D.C._x000D_
    b. Jefferson Davis                e. Richmond, Virginia_x000D_
    c. Stonewall Jackson_x000D_
69 Answer: [removed]

    total war_x000D_
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads_x000D_
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction_x000D_
    c. greenbacks_x000D_
70 Answer: [removed]

    prisoner’s right_x000D_
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads_x000D_
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction_x000D_
    c. greenbacks_x000D_
71 Answer: [removed]

    Peace Democrats_x000D_
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads_x000D_
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction_x000D_
    c. greenbacks_x000D_
72 Answer: [removed]

    era after the war_x000D_
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads_x000D_
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction_x000D_
    c. greenbacks_x000D_
73 Answer: [removed]

    Northern money_x000D_
    a. habeas corpus                  d. Copperheads_x000D_
    b. Sherman’s strategy             e. Reconstruction_x000D_
    c. greenbacks

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