Realist theories share some of those assumptions:
The international system is anarchic, Sovereign states are the principle actors in the international system, and States are rational unitary actors each moving towards their own national interest.
Holds that state preferences, rather than state capabilities, are the primary determinant of state behavior, liberalism allows for plurality in state actions. Thus, preferences will vary from state to state, depending on factors such as culture, economic system or government type.
A broad class of political philosophies that considers individual liberty and equality to be the most important political goals.
An inclination to favor progress and individual freedom.
11. Confucius :
Analyzed protection of the people by a “balance of powers” in the divisions of a state.
Generally considered to have first articulated how the concept of a social contract that justifies the actions of rulers (even where contrary to the individual desires of governed citizens), can be reconciled with a conception of sovereignty.
The first thinker to relate ethics to the political order.
Like Hobbes, described a social contract theory based on citizens’fundamental rights in the state of nature. He departed from Hobbes in that,based on the assumption of a society in which moral values are independent of governmental authority and widely shared,he argued for a government with power limited to the protection of personal property.