PSYCH 345 Discussion

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​​Week 1 Discussion

PSYCH345

3

Welcome to our first discussion!

Please answer
all of the following questions:

2. Social psychology is distinguished by its focus not only on the power of the situation but also on individuals’ construals of the situation
(how individuals perceive, comprehend, and interpret the world around them, particularly the behavior or action of others towards themselves).

· Think of some examples from your personal experience where two people (or groups) differed in their construals of the same situation.

· What accounts for differences in construal? Do these differences in any way relate to the two basic motives described in the first unit
(self-esteem motive and social cognition motive)?

3. Think of examples of variables that would be positively or negatively correlated with each other. Please provide one example for each type of correlation (one for positive and one for negative).

4. Read the article by clicking


here



https://www.digitaljournal.com/social-media/internet-use-in-class-leads-to-lower-test-scores/article/482661


Links to an external site.

. Then, answer the following questions about the article:

·
What is the main message that the article is trying to convey?

·
Consider the title of the article. Is it misleading or not? Why?

·
Is the
directionality or
third variable problem at play here? If so how?

5. Name the method used in the studies described below:

A) Researchers are interested in influences on self-esteem. Participants are given a set of anagram problems to solve in a five-minute period. Half are randomly assigned to receive very easy anagrams and half are given difficult ones. After completing as many of the anagrams as they can, participants are given a questionnaire labeled “Thoughts and Feelings Questionnaire” that is really a measure of self-esteem.

· a) Observational

· b) Correlational

· c) Experimental

B) A researcher is interested in the relationship between caffeine consumption and level of stress. She has participants keep a diary for one week, during which they count the number of cups of coffee and tea, energy drinks, and cola-based soft drinks they consume, as well as record their consumption of chocolate and medications that have caffeine as an ingredient. In addition, participants complete a measure of “daily hassles” experienced during the week.

· a) Observational

· b) Correlational

· c) Experimental

C) A pair of psychologists are interested in the effects of mood on helping. They give some random people free tickets to a happy movie. They then have a confederate drop papers in front of the people who just got out of the movie and people who are only walking by and have not just seen a happy movie for free. The researchers watch to see if the participants help pick up the dropped papers.

· a) Observational

· b) Correlational

· c) Experimental

D) Dr. Young examines how males portray themselves on dating apps. She systematically reviews profile pictures of men on Tinder and notes if they tend to post pictures of just themselves alone or with a group of friends.

· a) Observational

· b) Correlational

· c) Experimental

6. Identify independent and dependent variables in the studies described below:

A) Dr. X does a study with three groups of ten students each. Each group consumes a different amount of caffeine (high, medium, and low amounts). Dr. X then measures all of the students on how well they do on a concentration test.

B) A researcher interested in the relationship between social media use and mood. They randomly assign half of the participants to browse their favorite social media app for 5 minutes, while the other half of the participants are asked to do nothing for 5 minutes. Then, all participants complete a questionnaire that measures their mood.

C) Students at a University were split into two groups and each received a different text for a psychology course. One group received a traditional textbook, while the other received an interactive textbook on a tablet computer. After the course, the final exam grades between the two groups of students were compared.

Please also engage in discussion with at least two of your classmates by responding to their discussion posts.

Make sure to post and respond to your classmates before the deadline. Late assignments won’t be accepted.

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