Pediatric Asthma Education

PEDIATRIC ASTHMA EDUCATION 4

Pediatric Asthma Education

May 26th 2020

HCA-699

Pediatric Asthma Education

Pediatric asthma is one of the chronic diseases that affect infants and children and characterized by the obstruction of the airwaves. Pediatric asthma is difficult to diagnose, and parents and guardians may realize that their children are having the disease when it is in an advanced stage. Herzog and Cunningham-Rundles (2011) highlighted additional symptoms of the disease as being the inflammation of the airwaves and bronchial hyper-responsiveness. The presentation of the asthma phenotypes among the children is dependent on age, gender, and even genetic compositions. Herzog and Cunningham-Rundles (2011) outlined that pediatric asthma affects approximately 8.5% of children in the United States, and it is the leading cause of school absenteeism and hospitalization among school-going children.

Herzog and Cunningham-Rundles (2011) discussed asthma as being more prevalent among boys during their first years of life while being predominant among females during adolescence. Ferrante and La Grutta (2018) highlighted asthma as imposing a burden on the health system due to its being common and due to its chronic nature. Patterns of asthma differ between children and adults. According to Dharmage, Perret, and Custovic (2019), asthma often begins during childhood, with its recurrence occurring at any stage of one’s adulthood. However, some individuals develop asthma during their adulthood.

Parents, schools, and the health care system are bound to be affected by the proposal’s outcomes. Parents undergo financial and emotional hardships when their children have to be admitted to the hospital due to asthma cases. On the other hand, schools are unable to achieve their objectives when dealing with cases of absenteeism when school-going children have to be admitted to hospitals. The consistent burden of pediatric asthma on the health system means that there is the incurring of high medical costs while also compromising the quality of life. A determination of the precautionary measures in the prevention of the disease would help lower the huge financial costs that the health care system would have to incur in handling the diseases.

PICOT Question: Does the provision of pediatric asthma education among grade school children lower the rates of hospitalization compared to self-management and self-monitoring with guidelines.

The proposal’s purpose is to determine the impact of pediatric education on the rates of hospitalization among grade school children. The objectives are to evaluate the effectiveness of pediatric education compared to self-monitoring and self-management. The hospitalization rates shall be determined before the pediatric education program. Following the program’s introduction, the hospitalization rates shall be measured to determine possible changes in the rates. The occurrence of asthma in adulthood means that the condition was present during childhood only that it could not be detected. As such, the adoption of the necessary measures ensures that there is the elimination of the possibility of recurrence while lowering the number of fatalities from the condition.

Ferrante and La Grutta (2018) observed the high-income countries as recording high cases of severe asthma among children. However, the severity of asthma symptoms among children stood out in low-income countries. It, therefore, means that the high-income countries could adopt measures that could curb the disease while barring it from burdening the health care system and the economy at large. Characteristically, the low-income countries should consider measures that would eliminate the possibility of the disease escalating to uncontrollable levels.

References

Dharmage, S., Perret, J. & Custovic, A. (2019). Epidemiology of Asthma in Children and Adults. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6591438/

Ferrante, G. & La Grutta, S. (2018). The Burden of Pediatric Asthma. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023992/

Herzog, R. & Cunningham-Rundles, S. (2011). Pediatric Asthma: Natural History, Assessment and Treatment. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3172616/

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