Part #4: Intervention Strategies/Treatments (Pharmacological and Non-Pharmacological)
Partner violence predisposes the victims to physical harm and injury. In this regard, such victims need relevant diagnosis and evaluation of the injuries by qualified physicians so that appropriate treatment is provided. Also, partner violence exposes the victims to mental stress that may then force them to turn to, and abuse, pain, sleeping as well anti-anxiety agents. Abuse of these agents may then hinder the victims’ ability to reasonably assess her situation and implement relevant actions. Therefore, psychiatric intervention becomes important to treat possible mental illness. Relevant psychiatric evaluation should be offered so that effective treatment plan is prescribed for the victims (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2008).
The key non-pharmacological strategy for dealing with perpetrators of partner violence is mandatory arrest. Literature shows that these arrests, which are often followed by treatment programs ordered by court have potential for providing hope for ending the destructive cycle of partner violence in a relationship, However, there exists only little empirical evidence to support the assertion that this kind of intervention will put at bay partner violence to a great degree. Regardless, these arrests show lower levels of recidivism by the perpetrators as compared to instances in which the perpetrators are not arrested or are subjected to other kind of intervention such as medication (Babcock & Robie, 2004).
The second intervention follows the feminist sociocultural and cognitive-behavioral therapy as administered to male perpetrators. This is because it can be deduced from partner violence that such violence emerges from normal male behavior as well as socialization. Therefore, such therapy is intended to provide gender re-education for that address the particular risk factors of partner violence such as trauma, behavioral deficits as well as psychopathology. Hence, therapy combining the tenets of the two models will help provide psycho-educational treatment that addresses the patriarchal ideologies which fuel partner violence. It also encourages partner s to embrace non-violent means of resolving relationship conflicts through such skills as anger-management, communication skills, assertiveness as well as relaxation techniques (Babcock & Robie, 2004).
Third, counselling as well as structured therapy is an effective intervention for helping the victims of partner violence, especially women. Counselling will go a long way in mitigating against the negative impacts of partner violence on the victims such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) symptoms. Also, first responder as well as civil legal protections should be extended to help support the victims of partner violence by enhancing their safety (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2008).
Lastly, non-pharmacological strategies could target to prevent partner violence by disrupting the developmental pathways that contribute to partner violence. These include early childhood home visitations as well as enriching the welfare of pre-school children by promoting adequate family engagement. Moreover, good parenting skills and programs that bolster familial relationships should be to prevent at-risk children from growing up to perpetrate partner violence in their families (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council, 2008).
Babcock, J, C., & Robie, C, G. (2004). Does Batterers’ Treatment Work? An Analytical Review of Domestic Violence Treatment. Clinical Psychology Review.
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. (2008). Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/5285.