My answer is below and the vignette is attached for reference. Please reword/ restructure my work to answer the question below. I took this class in the past and don’t wont to submit the same wording.
Describe the techniques used in criminal profiling and report on the accuracy of offender’s profiles.
- Indicate whether the offender’s description is admissible in court. Your answer should target criminal profiling of serial rapists.
- Discuss the role of forensic hypnosis in helping the victim recall repressed memories.
- Cite research indicating the accuracy of hypnotically refreshed memories and the admissibility of a hypnotically refreshed memory into court.
- Help Dr. Johnson offer the chief alternatives to assist the victim to identify possible suspects.
All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.
Profiling is a technique that attempts to identify the behavioral, cognitive, emotional, and demographic characteristics of a person based on information gathered from a wide range of sources. Profilers attempt to describe the unknown when it comes to creating the criminal profile, but sometimes it is also used for a known reasons or persons. There are five categories involved in criminal profiling: crime scene profiling (often called criminal profiling, offender profiling, or criminal investigative analysis), geographical profiling, suspect-based profiling, psychological profiling, and equivocal death analysis (also called the psychological autopsy). Some techniques used in criminal profiling is: victimology (age, similarities in hair/eye color), the homicidal triad (three defining factors that could have bearing an offenders adulthood from their childhood). With profiling, just like anything else, there are strengths and weaknesses. There are success stories as well as failures. Criminal profiling is helpful in some cases more than others, but criminal profiling is not always the definite answer. Whether the offender’s description is admissible in court is solely up to the judge reigning over the case and how well the evidence is introduced and supported.
In forensic psychology, hypnosis is used primarily to refresh a witness’s memory. Hypnosis can help the victim recall events that the victim has suppressed in her memory due to the trauma from the incident. Hypnosis will take the victim back to when she was abused and have them relive the incident in order to reveal those repressed memories. Although, memories can come back and be accurate, part of your recollection may be embellished because of what you think you are supposed to see and remember. Courts have adopted three approaches regarding the admissibility of hypnotically refreshed testimony: per se admissibility; qualified admissibility conditioned upon an adherence to procedural safeguards; and per se inadmissibility. The per se admissibility approach permits a trier of fact to determine the weight of hypnotically refreshed testimony. The procedural safeguards approach allows the admission of hypnotically refreshed testimony provided that the hypnotist follows certain procedural guidelines both before and during the hypnosis session. The per se inadmissibility standard excludes all hypnotically refreshed testimony.
Alternatives to assist the victim to identify possible suspects would be to explore the other categories of profiling. Those categories again include: crime scene profiling (often called criminal profiling, offender profiling, or criminal investigative analysis), geographical profiling, suspect-based profiling, psychological profiling, and equivocal death analysis (also called the psychological autopsy). In my opinion, putting these different aspects together will help the doctor and the chief come up with the best solutions to helping the victim identify her attacker.
Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2019). Introduction to forensic psychology:
Research and application.
Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Goodwill, A. M., Alison, L. J., Beech, A. R. (2009). What works in offender profiling? A comparison of typological, thematic, and multivariate models.
Behavioral Sciences and the Law