Running head: PARTNER VIOLENCE 1
Florida National University
NUR 4516. Crisis Intervention Strategies
Professor: Lisys Camacho, ANP-BC, PMHNP-BC, MSN, RN
July 8, 2020
Incidence of Partner Violence
The issue of spouse violence in Western nations has been in existence for many decades. The assault or rape of a woman results in immediate legal punishment as well as moral outrage. In the early times, the common law allowed a man to discipline his spouse for misbehaving without being arraigned. The law’s attitude towards spouse beating dates back to State of North Carolina v. Oliver case of 1874 where the court ruled that in the event of temporary injuries, the best thing was to draw curtains, get out of the community eye and allow the fighting partners to forgive and eventually forget. In a recent survey on partner violence, studies indicated that over one and a half million women and about a million men were victims of partner violence in the US. According to the Center for Diseases Control report on homicides from 1981-1998, one out of three murders were intimate partner homicides in the US. It is estimated that people in their twenties to thirties have a high likelihood of suffering Incidence of Partner Violence. Bureau of Justice Statistics records that half a million crime cases were perpetrated by partners in 2002. In 1993, the Bureau had recorded over a million of such cases. Incidence studies indicated that about thirty-five percent of females and about ten percent of men have encountered spouse violence in their adulthood.
At the global level, eight- sixty-seven percent of females face physical assault with a twenty percent being a prevalent rate in most nations. Some cultural norms condone partner violence, while others tolerate the practice. Many of the cases are never reported, mostly those occurring among the aging, gay, and hospitalized persons. Unfortunately, over fifteen million kids reside in families prevalent with spouse violence, and half the number have witnessed severe violence. Medical system that includes The American Medical Association, the Institute of Medicine, and the American Nurses Association recommends screening and counseling when IPV occurs. About thirty percent of women report partner violence with the same percentage seeking seek medical help for assault. Medical schools rarely emphasize on domestic violence during training. Most nurses are deficient of knowledge to deal with IPV. Clerics find it difficult to deal with family violence, with most blaming the women on the partner violence. (James, 2012).
Dynamics of Partner Violence
One of the evident dynamics that hold sway over battering of females is the belief that male is supreme. Women are always expected to be submissive to their men while also being passive. In addition, the existing social order rewards aggressiveness in the male gender. The stereotype and long-dated view yield a volatile personality between traditional men and women. The traditional man is the sole breadwinner of the family and is also the family head. He considers himself powerful in the relationship. The issue of power is the underlying cause of the partner violence because the females are expected to be obedient and do household chores while being subservient. Trying to do otherwise is viewed as going out of expected boundaries with such scenario motivating punishments. It is worth noting that partner violence is beyond the family setting and entails cultural and psychological factors. Men with patriarchal attitudes do not assault their wives in totality, and the socio-political belief of abusers never discriminates them from non-abusers. Psychologically, battering parties have identifiable features such as having a lack of self-control and setting of rigid family boundaries for others, have unrealistic expectations of their partners while idealizing the relationship beyond expectations, and experiencing limited confidence in taking required steps to improve the marriage (James, 2012).
James, K. (2012). Partner Violence. In Crisis intervention strategies (pp. 286-330). Nelson Education.