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1.Examine the reactions to attacks on the United States by George W. Bush after 9/11 and UK Prime Minister Tony Blair after the 2005 London Bombings. Imagine yourself as a citizen who has just woken up to news of these attacks (both events happened in the morning hours). Keep in mind that Bush responded in the evening after the morning attacks with a prepared statement, while Blair responded unprepared within minutes of hearing the news. Which reaction would you prefer from your nation’s leader? Why?

(no outside sources, will be attached doc)

2.Are peace and stability in the Middle East vital to the United States’ economy and national security? (200 word minimum,In these discussion forums, you are allowed and encouraged to use outside resources for your responses. Be sure to carefully cite your sources in Chicago format at the end of your original post.)

3.Does the need for self-defense give the U.S. the right to interfere in the affairs of other nations (as seen this week in Latin America and Asia)?

(200 word minimum,In these discussion forums, you are allowed and encouraged to use outside resources for your responses. Be sure to carefully cite your sources in Chicago format at the end of your original post.)

4.Our journey into the world of research in Psychology and Sociology has given us an understanding of the role played by key concepts like samples, populations, inferential statistics, null and research hypotheses, as well as probability and sampling distributions. The process of understanding these concepts is far from over. It’s crucial that we continuously integrate and apply them as we develop our research papers.

In this discussion, we’ll dig deeper into these concepts and strive to interconnect them with our research questions.

Please respond to the following bulleted points in a comprehensive post of at least 500 words. Remember, this discussion is not just a monologue; make sure to engage with your classmates by posting two significant replies to their posts.

Your Discussion Prompts:

Samples and Populations

· Discuss your research question in the context of your target population. Who or what makes up this population? How does your selected sample represent this population?

· Reflect on how the representation of your sample could affect the results of your study. Could there be any potential biases? If yes, how could these be mitigated?

Inferential Statistics

· Discuss how you will use inferential statistics in your study. Which specific statistical methods are most appropriate for your research question, and why?

· Explain how these methods will help you draw conclusions about your population from your sample.

Null and Research Hypotheses

· State your research hypothesis clearly. How does it relate to your research question?

· Define your null hypothesis. What would it mean for your research if this null hypothesis cannot be rejected?

Probability and Sampling Distributions

· Discuss the role of probability in your research. How would it affect your confidence in your results?

· Explain how you understand sampling distributions. In what ways would knowledge about the sampling distribution of a statistic be useful in your research?

5.Drawing upon Jim Igoe’s article, what are the effects of Western fantasies of African wilderness on the Maasai and their ability to engage in traditional livelihoods? How have Western fantasies transformed the kind of work that Maasai do today?

6.Discuss the documentary
Amazonia Eterna in relation to our examination of environmental and ecological anthropology. You are free to discuss any element of the documentary but relate your discussion to anthropology!


Participant Observation Project

What do you plan to observe?

My event of interest that I plan to observe a football match

Why have you chosen this particular observation?

I have chosen a football match because it is among the most popular sports, usually attended by many people. It is easy for an outsider to join in and observe as there are no restrictions provided that one observes simple rules. Also, besides being a football fan, I am interested in studying sports team dynamics and the interactions among players, coaches and fans. A football match is always associated with varying emotions and reactions, especially among fans of either side when their team scores or is scored or even when the team possesses the ball, making it an exciting event to watch.

When and where will the observation occur?

Football matches often occur on weekends, especially on Saturday at the local stadium afternoon during a scheduled football. I can therefore choose between Saturday and Sunday because there are many fans as many people are off from work.

How do you plan to take notes? Will you be able to take notes during the observation, or will you need to write them down immediately after the observation?

I will take notes using a pen and notebook because the match is often fast-paced, and I can only take brief notes during the game and write more detailed observations after the game. Taking short notes will help me capture all observations from the fans and on the pitch.

What do you need to do to prepare and gain permission, if necessary, to conduct the observation—do you need to ask someone if you can observe them? Do you need permission to attend a ritual?

Since the event is at the stadium, I will have to purchase a ticket to be allowed in. I do not require permission from anyone to observe the match because the stadium is open to everybody. However, I must observe stadium and league rules and regulations, respect the players, coaches, and spectators and avoid disrupting the game and causing disturbances.

According to this you will need to finish the field notes:

1. Date, time, and location of observation.

2. Short statement of what was being observed.

3. Detailed description of location/site of observation.

4. Chronological, detailed description of everything that happened during the observation.

5. What questions do you have about what you observed? What additional research would you consider doing to answer these questions? What else could you observe to further understand the people or activity you observed?

6. From this exercise, what have you learned about participant observation specifically and about anthropological field research in general?

George Bush,
Address to the Nation (September 11, 2001)

Good evening.

Today, our fellow citizens, our way of life, our very freedom came under attack in a series of deliberate and deadly terrorist acts.

The victims were in airplanes or in their offices — secretaries, businessmen and women, military and federal workers. Moms and dads. Friends and neighbors.

Thousands of lives were suddenly ended by evil, despicable acts of terror.

The pictures of airplanes flying into buildings, fires burning, huge structures collapsing, have filled us with disbelief, terrible sadness and a quiet, unyielding anger.

These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong. A great people has been moved to defend a great nation.

Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve.

America was targeted for attack because we’re the brightest beacon for freedom and opportunity in the world. And no one will keep that light from shining.

Today, our nation saw evil, the very worst of human nature, and we responded with the best of America, with the daring of our rescue workers, with the caring for strangers and neighbors who came to give blood and help in any way they could.

Immediately following the first attack, I implemented our government’s emergency response plans. Our military is powerful, and it’s prepared. Our emergency teams are working in New York City and Washington, D.C., to help with local rescue efforts.

Our first priority is to get help to those who have been injured and to take every precaution to protect our citizens at home and around the world from further attacks.

The functions of our government continue without interruption. Federal agencies in Washington which had to be evacuated today are reopening for essential personnel tonight and will be open for business tomorrow.

Our financial institutions remain strong, and the American economy will be open for business as well.

The search is underway for those who are behind these evil acts. I’ve directed the full resources for our intelligence and law enforcement communities to find those responsible and bring them to justice. We will make no distinction between the terrorists who committed these acts and those who harbor them.

I appreciate so very much the members of Congress who have joined me in strongly condemning these attacks. And on behalf of the American people, I thank the many world leaders who have called to offer their condolences and assistance.

America and our friends and allies join with all those who want peace and security in the world and we stand together to win the war against terrorism.

Tonight I ask for your prayers for all those who grieve, for the children whose worlds have been shattered, for all whose sense of safety and security has been threatened. And I pray they will be comforted by a power greater than any of us spoken through the ages in Psalm 23: “Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil, for You are with me.”

This is a day when all Americans from every walk of life unite in our resolve for justice and peace. America has stood down enemies before, and we will do so this time.

None of us will ever forget this day, yet we go forward to defend freedom and all that is good and just in our world.

Thank you. Good night and God bless America.

Tony Blair,
London Bombings Speech (July 7, 2005)

I’m just going to make a short statement to you on the terrible events that have happened in London earlier today. And I hope you understand that at the present time we are still trying to establish exactly what has happened.

There is a limit to what information I can give you and I’ll simply try and tell you the information as best I can at the moment.

It is reasonably clear that there have been a series of terrorist attacks in London. There are obviously casualties, both people who have died and people who are seriously injured, and our thoughts and prayers, of course, are with the victims and their families.

It is my intention to leave the G8 within the next couple of hours and go down to London and get a report face-to-face with the police and the emergency services and the ministers who have been dealing with this and then to return later this evening.

It is the will of all the leaders of the G8, however, that the meeting should continue in my absence, that we should continue to discuss the issues that we were going to discuss and reach the conclusions that we were going to reach.

Each of the countries round that table have some experience of the effects of terrorism and all the leaders, as they will indicate a little bit later, share our complete resolution to defeat terrorism.

It is particularly barbaric that this has happened on a day when people are meeting to try to help the problems of poverty in Africa and the long term problems of climate change and the environment.

Just as it is reasonably clear that this is a terrorist attack or a series of terrorist attacks it is also reasonably clear that it is designed and aimed to coincide with the opening of the G8.

There will be time to talk later about this. It is important, however, that those engaged in terrorism realize that our determination to defend our values and our way of life is greater than their determination to cause death and destruction to innocent people in a desire impose extremism on the world.

Whatever they do it is our determination that they will never succeed in destroying what we hold dear in this country and in other civilized nations throughout the world.

Thank you.

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