Environmental Regulations of Business

Paper Descriptions and Grading Rubrics

1. Position Paper

TOPIC TO CHOOSE FROM: 1. Environmental Regulations of Business

2. Nuclear Power and Waste 3. Reduction of CO2 gases in the Atmosphere

4. The Use of Petroleum-based Fuel

Instructions:

Your audience for this paper is the general public. You are trying to convince them to see your point of view. You will need to use at least 3 outside sources for this paper. These sources should be credible, academic sources that support your position. This paper should be at least 3-4 pages long, not counting the title page. The title page should have your Name and title of the paper. You should use New Times Roman font size 12. The paper should be double spaced and you should use APA style for citations

This is in part a research paper and in part a persuasive essay. The intro and conclusions are where you should grab my attention and make your position known. So, if you are writing about a topic, you should maybe open with a story that grabs my attention and sets up where you stand on this issue. So, let’s use the topic of gun violence since that is not an option for this paper. If you wanted to take a pro-gun stance, you could tell a story of a person only surviving a potentially violent situation because they had a gun. If you are taking a pro-regulation stance, you could tell a horror story that shows an innocent person harmed because of a gun. In both cases, you can use media stories to highlight this anecdote. Then move into some quick facts about the issue, and end with your position on the issue. That will finish your introduction.  Then move into the body of the paper. This should be mostly factual. Lay out pros and cons of the issue. Keep your opinions minimum in this section. Let the facts support your position. Then conclude. This is more than just a summary. Sure, I want you to layout the main points, but I also want you to sell the position you took here.

First, make sure that you follow the formatting instructions. You will have a title page and a works cited page – neither of these count toward the page count. Use 12-point New Times Roman font, and do not include any superfluous information in your actual writing – in other words, the only place your name should appear is the title page. This paper should be 3-4 pages long. This means 3 full pages, which I define as one sentence on page 4.  Second, this is one part persuasive essay and one part research paper. You will need to bring in at least 3 outside sources. Two of these sources must be academic sources. This means peer reviewed journal articles that you found on the FSU library search. You do this by first going to lib.fsu.edu. Look under the search bar and click databases A-Z. Scroll down until you find Academic Search Complete. Click this and then enter your search terms. You should limit your searches to scholarly journals (this option is just below the three search bars when the page for Academic Search Complete loads). Wikipedia is not a credible source! Do not cite it! You can bring in as many media sources as you want, but only one of these sources counts. The other two must be scholarly sources.  Third, as I mention above, this is also part persuasive essay. You will need to use the sources you’ve gathered to make a case for your position. You should begin in your intro by laying out your position and the counter position. So, let’s say that you are talking about digital uploading. What are the pros and cons to doing this or not doing this? You should should persuade me that your position has more pros than cons. If you are in favor of digital uploading, why? And what supports your belief? You should also explain how this relates to public health. Then move into the body of the paper. This is where you lay out the research and popular rhetoric concerning your topic. This is where you bring in those sources you found. You also don’t have to tell me everything about this topic – just enough to show you understand it and enough to back up your position on the topic. Finally, in your conclusion, you should concisely sum up your position and restate why it is the best for the general public health.

Writing a Position Paper

A position paper presents an arguable opinion about an issue. The goal of a position paper is to convince the audience that your opinion is valid and worth listening to. Ideas that you are considering need to be carefully examined in choosing a topic, developing your argument, and organizing your paper. It is very important to ensure that you are addressing all sides of the issue and presenting it in a manner that is easy for your audience to understand. Your job is to take one side of the argument and persuade your audience that you have well-founded knowledge of the topic being presented. It is important to support your argument with evidence to ensure the validity of your claims, as well as to address the counterclaims to show that you are well informed about both sides.

Issue Criteria

To take a side on a subject, you should first establish the plausibility of a topic that interests you. Ask yourself the following questions to ensure that you will be able to present a strong argument:

·  Is it a real issue, with genuine controversy and uncertainty?

·  Can you distinctly identify two positions?

·  Are you personally interested in advocating one of these positions?

·  Is the issue narrow enough to be manageable?

Analyzing an Issue and Developing an Argument

Once your topic is selected, you should do some research on the subject matter. While you may already have an opinion on your topic and an idea about which side of the argument you want to take, you need to ensure that your position is well supported. Listing out the pro and con sides of the topic will help you examine your ability to support your counterclaims, along with a list of supporting evidence for both sides. Supporting evidence includes the following:

·  Factual Knowledge – Information that is verifiable and agreed upon by almost everyone.

·  Statistical Inferences – Interpretation and examples of an accumulation of facts.

·  Informed Opinion – Opinion developed through research and/or expertise of the

claim.

·  Personal Testimony – Personal experience related by a knowledgeable party.

Once you have made your pro and con lists, compare the information side by side. Considering your audience, as well as your own viewpoint, choose the position you will take.

In considering the audience, ask yourself the following questions:

·  Who is your audience?

·  What do they believe?

·  Where do they stand on the issue?

·  How are their interests involved?

·  What evidence is likely to be effective with them?

In determining your viewpoint, ask yourself the following:

·  Is your topic interesting?

·  Can you manage the material within the specifications set by the instructor?

·  Does your topic assert something specific and propose a plan of action?

·  Do you have enough material to support your opinion?

Organization

Your introduction should lead up to a thesis that organizes the rest of your paper. There are three advantages to leading with the thesis:

1. The audience knows where you stand.

2. The thesis is located in the two strongest places, first and last.

3. It is the most common form of academic argument used.

RUBRIC

Introduction 15 points
Analysis of Concepts / Position 60 points
Conclusion 15 points
Writing Quality 10 point

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