Running head: ASSESSING THE EFFECTS Assessing the Effects of Advancements in Avionics Technology and its Effectiveness in
Alberto Ramos A Research Project Proposal
Submitted to the Worldwide Campus
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirement
of Course ASCI 490, The Aeronautical Science Capstone Course,
for the Bachelor of Science in Professional Aeronautics Degree Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
May, 2017 2 ASSESSING THE EFFECTS Abstract
Avionics technology contributes to the field of aviation by increasing effectiveness in
preventing aviation accidents. Specifically, the project explores avionic systems, which include:
weather detection systems, such as Intuvue; engine management systems; collision avoidance
systems; flight control systems; and navigation systems, also known as flight management
systems. Through an exhaustive critique of peer-reviewed aeronautical articles, interviews with
pilots and other aviation professionals, and various other credible data, this project shows that
technology in the aviation industry has decreased the number of accidents and unwanted
incidents. Technology is a tool that pilots, maintainers and managers can now use to help
alleviate stress levels and the potential of human error. Serving as an extra pair of eyes that can
help distinguish when an error may or has occurred, aviation technology has the ability to correct
the error with little or no human interaction. This paper demonstrates that without the use of
technology, flying would not be known as the safest way to travel. 3 ASSESSING THE EFFECTS Assessing the Effects of Advancements in Aeronautical Technology and its Effectiveness in
Statement of the Project
This paper is an individual project for the students degree program in Professional
Aeronautics. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the student’s understanding and
ability to demonstrate the use of the 11 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) Program
Outcomes in Critical Thinking, Quantitative Reasoning, Information Literacy, Communication,
Scientific Literacy, Cultural Literacy, Life Long Personal Growth,
Aviation/Aerospace/Aeronautical Science, Aviation Legislation and Law, Aviation Safety and
Aviation Management and Operations.
Avionics Technology plays a very important role in how the aviation industry has grown
into one of the safest ways to travel. Avionics has helped decreased pilot stress levels, human
error, the amount of multitasking involved in flying and accidents— which are considered to
cause human error also known as the human factor in the aviation industry. Alleviating these
factors in aviation has decreased the incidence of accidents. By looking into the human factors
related to pilots, maintainers, and managers, the research will demonstrate the positive effect that
Avionics has had in various aeronautical areas of work, and its contribution to preventing
Program Outcomes to be addressed
1. Critical Thinking
“The student will show evidence of knowledge at a synthesis level to define and solve
problems with professional and personal environments.” (ERAU, 2017, p. 13).
The student defines critical thinking as the analysis of data and how the student will use
the information from that data, to present a concrete analysis. The student will demonstrate his
understanding of the program outcome (PO) by comparing and contrasting the effectiveness that
the Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS II) system has in preventing accidents, in ASSESSING THE EFFECTS 4 comparison to its predecessor the (TCAS I). Additionally, to support his hypothesis the student
will provide information taken from the federal aviation administration (FAA) introduction to
TCAS II version 7.1 PDF presentation. Lastly he will provide information from a National
Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Safety Alert report on the investigation of two mid air
collisions that occurred in 2015 without the use of an on board (TCAS) system. The student will
find the information to support the (PO) and his hypothesis from both NTSB.gov Safety Alert
report on mid air collisions and the FAA.gov presentation on the TCAS II system.
2. Quantitative Reasoning
“The student will show evidence of the use of digitally-enabled technology & analysis
techniques to interpret data for the purpose of drawing valid conclusions and solving associated
problems.” (ERAU, 2017, p. 14).
The student defines quantitative reasoning as the ability to solve problems with
quantitative methods. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by utilizing
NTSB Turbulence Staying Safe article to obtain accident data from 1980 to 2008. Additionally
the student will analyze Honeywell IntuVue 3-D Weather Hazard and avoidance system article
on turbulence detection found on Aerospace.honeywell.com to identify how the system decreases
passenger and crew turbulence related accidents.
3. Information Literacy
“The student will show evidence of meaningful research, including gathering information
for primary and secondary sources and incorporating and documenting source material in their
writing.” (ERAU, 2017, p. 15).
The student defines information literacy as recognizing the validity between primary and
secondary sources. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the program outcome
verifying that the sources used are current with recognized authors, writers, scholar and
government entities. Finally, to support the (PO), the student will use articles, programs and data
from NTSB.gov, FAA.gov, Nasa.gov and other valid sources.
4. Communication ASSESSING THE EFFECTS 5 “The student will show evidence of communicating concepts in written, digital and oral
forms to present technical and non-technical information.” (ERAU 2017, p. 16).
The student defines communication as the use of various written, digital or oral aids to
present data collected. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by utilizing
Microsoft Word to present information needed for his thesis in written form. Finally, to support
the program outcome, he will utilize Microsoft PowerPoint to present visual, written and oral
aides to support his thesis.
5. Scientific Literacy
“The student will show evidence of analyzing scientific evidence as it relates to the
physical world and its interrelationship with human values and interests”. (ERAU 2017, p. 18).
The student defines scientific literacy as the use of general scientific events and or objects
that prove something. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by utilizing
Honeywell’s Aerospace article on the IntuVue RDR -4000 3D weather radar system to highlight
the advancements the system has to avoid flying into severe weather. Finally, to support the
theme and demonstrate the importance of using the IntuVue system, the student will utilize
(FAA) Turbulence: Staying Safe article to gather accident/ incident data from 1980 and 2008 to
identify the number of injuries to passengers and flight crews from flying through severe weather
found on FAA.gov.
6. Cultural Literacy
“The student will show evidence of the analysis of historical events, cultural artifacts, and
philosophical concepts.” (ERAU 2017, p. 19).
The student defines cultural literacy as the ability to analyze historic events, cultural
artifacts, and philosophical concepts and understand the material presented. The student will
demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by utilizing Popular Mechanics 10 Plane Crashes that
changed Aviation article to find the cause and effect of Aero Mexico flight 498 and TWA flight 2
accidents. Additionally, to support the (PO) the student will analyze Aero Mexico flight 498 and
the TWA flight 2 NTSB safety recommendation reports found on NTSB.com to find the ASSESSING THE EFFECTS 6 recommendations made.
7. Lifelong Personal Growth
“The student will show evidence of skills needed to enrich the quality of life through
activities, which enhance and promote lifetime learning.” (ERAU 2017, p. 20).
The student defines life long personal growth as the skills and knowledge acquired by
experienced individuals. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by assessing
the (FAA) flight simulator updated training programs. Additionally he will support the (PO) by
assessing both positives and negatives outcomes of using the simulator as a primary training
source. Finally the information to support the (PO) will be found on FAA.gov and
Federalregister.gov Aviation Training Device Credit for Pilot Certification document.
8. Aviation/Aerospace/Aeronautical Science
“The student will show evidence of advanced concepts of aviation, aerospace and
aeronautics to solve problems commonly found in their respective industries.” (ERAU 2017, p.
The student defines aviation/aerospace/aeronautical science as flight operations, flight
physics, human factors and the ability to create solutions to problems in the related industry. The
student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by utilizing NTSB Accident Report US
Airways flight 1549 bird strike/emergency landing in the Hudson river to analyze the
recommendations made by the NTSB. Additionally to support the PO he will review the flight
tapes from United Airways flight 1549 from foxnews.com to analyze the human factor. Finally to
support this PO the student will use System Failure Case Study from sma.nasa.gov to review the
pilot simulation training and recommendations made.
9. Aviation Legislation and Law
“The student will show evidence of the basic concepts in national and international
legislation and law as they pertain to the aviation, aerospace and aeronautics industries. (ERAU
2017, p. 23).”
The student defines Aviation Legislation and law as analyzing the regulatory
requirements set fourth to establish airworthiness. The student will demonstrate his ASSESSING THE EFFECTS 7 understanding of the (PO) by utilizing (NTSB) Safety Alert Report to analyze the impact of
pilots flying unfamiliar aircraft without mandated additional training. Additionally to support the
(PO), the student will provide a detailed analysis of Hawker Beechcraft B2000GT accident
involving an experienced pilot accident in an unfamiliar aircraft. Finally to support this (PO, the
student will use NTSB.gov publications and Safety Alert Reports to make recommendations on
decreasing the amount of accidents due to inexperience.
10. Aviation Safety
“The student will show evidence of basic concepts in aviation safety as they pertain to the
aviation, aerospace and aeronautics industry.” (ERAU 2017, p. 24).
The student defines aviation safety as the procedures, recommendations and evaluations
applied to make flying safer. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by
utilizing the Journal of Air Transportation Worldwide Human Factors Tenerife revisited, to
highlight the human factors that caused the accident. Additionally the student will analyze the
recommendations made by the NTSB Tenerife Accident report. Finally the student will analyze
the DATACOM system from FAA.com NextGen Programs article and establish how it could
possibly have prevented the Tenerife accident.
11. Aviation Management and Operations
“The student will show evidence of sound, ethical, management principles within
aviation, aerospace and aeronautics operations.” (ERAU 2017, p. 25).
The student defines aviation management and operations as the evaluation of
management practices. The student will demonstrate his understanding of the (PO) by evaluating
the Technical Standard Order (TSO) required by the FAA prior to an avionics part being
considered airworthy. Additional to support the (PO) he will highlight the inspection and
requirements from FAA.gov for a modified or repaired part to receive a Parts Manufacture
Approval (PMA) from the Electronic Code of Federal Regulation title 14- chapter 1- subchapter
C Part 43- Maintenance, Preventative Maintenance, Rebuilding and Alteration (CFR) being ASSESSING THE EFFECTS considered airworthy. 8 ASSESSING THE EFFECTS References
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. (2017). College of aeronautics: Undergraduate capstone
policy guide. Retrieved from https://erau.instructure.com/courses/6179/pages/coaundergraduate-capstone-policy-guide?module_item_id=17735 9
Running head: ASSESSING THE EFFECTS Assessing the Effects of Advancements in Avionics Technology and its Effectiveness in