1st Main Test (residency according to ordinary concepts): à Does the person reside in Australia? s 6(1)(a) Where a person “resides” is a “question of fact and degree, and the factors

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1st Main Test (residency according to ordinary concepts)


à        Does the person reside in Australia?  s 6(1)(a)

Where a person “resides” is a “

question of

fact and degree, and the factors to consider


Therefore the law in the ITAA is unclear, and you will need to refer to __________law to appreciate the meaning of “reside”.


have been established from the UK case law decisions of __________ and __________ that must be “weighed up” in establishing whether a person is a resident of Australia or not.

The factors that have evolved from the above cases are as follows:

Need to refer to the facts of your case, apply the factors to the facts, and weigh up your arguments for and against the person being a resident of Australia.


Resides in Australia

Does not reside in Aust.

Physical presence in Australia

Frequency/regularity of visits

Present habits/mode of life

Maintenance of a home in Australia?

Family ties

Business ties

Nationality –

only for borderline cases

Weigh up facts and degree

Your conclusion


Domicile test:

s 6(1)(a)(i)

“a person … whose domicile is in Australia,


the Commissioner is satisfied that his permanent place of abode is outside of Australia.”

Does the Harry have an Australian domicile


What is Domicile?


Everyone is attributed a

domicile of origin

at __________, and this is retained until the person demonstrates __________ __________ __________ __________ (

domicile of choice


Does Harry have an Australian domicile

? It appears that Harry has an ____________________ by birth. From the facts we are told that he had never been overseas before leaving for Canada.

Has he changed his domicile by the move to Toronto?

Here Harry intends to __________________________________________________.

Therefore Harry has



Has the taxpayer established a ‘permanent place of abode’ (PPA) outside of Australia


If an individual is domiciled in Australia and does


have a PPA outside of Australia, they will pass the domicile test and be a resident of Australia.

Does Harry have an ‘abode’? As Harry has _____________ ________________________________ _________________________.

Is it ‘permanent’?

The Full Federal Court in

FC of T v


said that ‘permanent’ did


mean __________ – it has to be something more than __________.

The Commissioner in

IT 2650

at para 23 provides some guidelines to assess whether an individual who has left Australia has established a PPA overseas:



Passes test: Has not abandoned Australia

Fails test: Established PPA in Canada

Intended and actual length of the taxpayer’s stay overseas

Duration and continuity of the taxpayer’s presence in the overseas country

The durability of association that the person has with a particular place in Australia

Established a home outside of Australia

Retained a home in Australia

It appears that Harry has/ has not established a PPA outside of Australia, so even though Harry has retained his Australian domicile, he still would/ would not be considered a resident of Australia for tax purposes under the Domicile test.

183-day rule:

A person or entity would be an Australian tax resident if actually in Australia during more than half the year of income,


the person’s usual place of abode is not in Australia and they don’t intend to take up residence here.

·        Presence – count up the number of days and if required, hours in the particular income year.  Note it needs to be a total of 184 days or more in a leap year.

·        Test can only be used to determine residency of someone __________ Australia – NOT a resident who is leaving

Case S19


This test will

apply/not apply

to Harry, as he____________________:

Case S19.

Superannuation test

The individual is a member of a certain Commonwealth Government superannuation scheme or is a spouse of child of such an individual.

à Harry was employed by a private accounting firm – he would not have been a member of such a superannuation scheme as he was not a Commonwealth Government officer.

Your overall conclusion on Harry’s residency status




Sub issue (4):            Where is the source of the salary, royalty and interests payments?

We have now established that all five payments are types of

assessable income

(either ordinary or statutory income) and that __________ of those payments were derived during the __________

income year

. Harry was a __________


for tax purposes throughout that year.

In accordance with


__________ Harry will be assessed on the four payments in Australia if the income is __________



$1,900 salary


There are generally 3 possible places that the income could be seen as coming from:


the ____________________;


the ____________________:

C of T (NSW) v Cam & Sons Ltd

(1936) 36 SR (NSW) 544;

FC of T v French

(1957) 98 CLR 398;

FC of T Efstathakis

79 ATC 4256


the ____________________.

FC of T v Mitchum

(1965) 113 CLR 401;

Evans v FC of T

81 ATC 4512


where the

__________ is relied upon to determine the source of services income – here that is __________. Harry performed the work in __________.  He

entered into the employment contract

in __________. The


had been received by Harry in __________, it was


from __________ (cheque sent by ex-employer located in __________e).


is / is not sourced in Australia

as Harry ______________________________.

$10,000 industrial royalty


Royalties are sourced ______________________________, which is in ____________________.  Therefore the royalty income has __________ source

: section

__________ITAA 36.

$100 interest


Interest income is sourced ____________________, and this is usually taken to be ______________________________:


__________. So the source of the interest payment would be __________, as ________________________________________

$500 unfranked dividend


The source of dividends is determined by the __________ of the __________ out of which the __________ has been paid (

s 44(1)

ITAA 1936 or

Esquire Nominees Ltd

). Company conducts its mining operations in __________ à __________.









As Harry is a __________for Australian tax purposes at the time he derived his Australian sourced


payment, he will be assessed on it in Australia under

s 6-5(3)

of the ITAA97.


If you are a non-resident for the full year, the following rates apply: ____________________

2. Consider whether your answer in (1) would change if Harry had to return to Australia for two weeks in November 2017 to be with his mother before she passed away.


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